Kallakurichi district in Tamil Nadu is mourning a 17-year-old private school student who took her own life on July 17. The state has seen four more student suicides in the past month. Crime data from the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) and the Department of Education which was compiled by Hindustan time suggests that the problem of student suicides is getting worse.
Statistics on suicides in India can be found in the NCRB’s Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India (ADSI) document, which was last updated in 2020. It has been documented since 1995. Besides the figures Absolutes, ADSI also provides the suicide rate, which is the number of suicides per one lakh population. The excluding tax The report calculated student suicide rates with data from the District Information System for Education and the All India Higher Education Survey.
Between 2010 and 2019, student suicide rates in India increased with the numbers flattening out between 2017 and 2019. Among the major states in the country, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh stand are consistently ranked high for student suicides in recent years. five years, according to the report.
Although not comprehensive, the ADSI provides data on the causes of suicide in different age groups. For the under-30 age group in 2019, family issues were listed as the leading cause, followed by illnesses and failing exams. Most students would fall into this age category. Suicides caused by failed exams decreased by 1.47% in 2020, which may be due to exam postponements during the pandemic.
Family issues have been listed as the leading cause of suicide since 1995 and have shown an upward trend. Also, there has been a significant increase in the number of student suicides as well as its share in the total number of suicides between 2019 and 2020.